Alaska Or Icelandswedenfinland
Alaska Or Icelandswedenfinland – This article is about one of the five major circles of space. For other uses, see Arctic Circle (disambiguation).
The Arctic map represents the Arctic Circle in blue and the 10°C July isotherm in red
Alaska Or Icelandswedenfinland
The Arctic Circle is one of the two polar circles and is the northernmost of the five major circles of space as shown on Earth maps. Its southern equivalent is the Antarctic Circle.
Arctic And North Pole Map
The Arctic Circle marks its southernmost point, the longest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere on the weekend of December, the shortest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere. , the sun will never set. This shape is called polar night and midnight day respectively, and the further north you go, the more pronounced the effects are. For example, in the Russian port city of Murmansk, just 3° above the Arctic Circle, there are 40 consecutive days without sunrise on average.
Its orbit is subject to Earth’s axial tilt, which varies by more than 2° every 41,000,000 years due to strong forces from the Moon’s orbit.
The Arctic Circle is the southernmost point in the northern hemisphere where the center of the sun can remain above or below the horizon for twenty-four hours; As a result, at least once a year somewhere in the Arctic Circle half of the sun is visible during local night and at least once it is not visible during local noon.
In the Arctic Circle, these changes occur mainly once a year: in June and December, respectively. However, due to atmospheric refraction and mirages, and because the Sun appears as a disk rather than a point, the midnight sun part can be about 50 minutes (′) (90 km) on the northern summer solstice night. (56 mi)) south of the Arctic Circle; Likewise, in the northern winter, part of the sun can be about 50′ north of the Arctic Circle. This is true at sea level; These limits increase with height above sea level, and are not directly visible in the actual horizon in mountainous regions.
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Bright aurora borealis at night are common in the Arctic Circle. Photo of the northern lights in Rovaniemi.
The largest communities north of the Arctic Circle are in Russia, Norway and Sweden: Murmansk (population 295,374) and Norilsk (178,018) in Russia; Tromso in Norway (75,638), Vorkuta in Russia (58,133), Bodu (52,357) and Harstad in Norway (24,703); and Kiruna, Sweden (22, 841). Rovaniemi in Finland (62,667) is the closest point to the Arctic Circle, 6 km (4 mi) south of the line. Salekhard (51, 186) in Russia is the only city in the world that is located directly on the Arctic Circle.
In contrast, Sisimiut (Greenland), the largest North American community north of the Arctic Circle, has a population of about 5,000. In the United States, Otkivik, Alaska has the largest population north of the Arctic Circle, with a population of about 4,000. The largest community in Canada is Iqaluit in Nunavut, with about 8,000 people.
The Arctic Circle passes through the Arctic Ocean, the Scandinavian Peninsula, North Asia, North America and Greenland. The Arctic Circle is divided between eight countries: Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia, USA (Alaska), Canada (Onukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut), Dmark (Greenland) and Iceland (which passes through Grimsey Island in the Little Sea).
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The climate north of the Arctic Circle is usually cold, but the coastal areas of Norway experience a mild climate thanks to the Gulf Stream, which keeps northern Norwegian ports and northwestern Russian ports ice-free throughout the year. Inland, summers can be very hot and winters very cold. For example, in Norilsk, Russia, summer temperatures reach 30 °C (86 °F), while winter temperatures drop below -50 °C (-58 °F).
66°34′N 35°0′E / 66.567°N 35.000°E / 66.567; 35,000 (Murmansk Province, Kola Peninsula, Russia)
66°34′N 164°38′W / 66.567°N 164.633°W / 66.567; -164.633.
Arctic regions are located at the North Pole. These include the northern parts of Canada, the United States, Russia, Finland, Sweden, Norway, Iceland and Greenland. The Arctic Ocean lies between these countries. An imaginary line called the Arctic Circle encircles most of the region. Arctic regions are the least populated places on earth.
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Arctic terrain is typically flat and low-lying tundra, or vast plains. In certain places, mountains rise. This mode freezes permanently in many places. Only in summer the thin upper layer dissolves. Most of Greenland is covered with ice year-round.
At the North Pole, the sun does not rise above the horizon for six months of the year. The sun never sets the rest of the year. Arctic regions are further south, so they get fewer hours of daylight in winter. In the summer time, they only get a few hours of darkness each night.
Winters in arctic regions are very cold. In January, temperatures can reach -90°F (-68°C) inland. It is snowing in these places. It is more severe near the edges. In summer, the temperature is around 50°F (10°C).
Most of the Arctic is treeless. Spruce, spruce, pine and juniper grow only in the southern regions. Lichens, mosses, grasses and some flowering plants grow in the tundra.
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Arctic land animals include the polar bear, caribou or moose, gray squirrel, arctic fox, and arctic fox. Seals and seals live in water and on shore. Whales and many species of fish live in the ocean. The snowy owl lives year-round in the arctic. Other birds only come for summer.
Many indigenous groups live in the Arctic regions. In Russia there are Nenets, Sakha, Evenk and Chukchi. The Sami live in a region of Northern Europe called Lapland. Inuit and Aleuts live in North America. The people live in towns and cities.
In the 1900s, many people of European descent settled in the Arctic regions. Mining, oil drilling and other industries attracted many of the settlers. They tend to live in big cities and towns.
Indigenous peoples have lived in arctic regions for thousands of years. Norwegian Vikings settled Iceland in the late 800s. They visited Greenland in the 900s.
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Beginning in the 1500s, European explorers searched for new trade routes between Europe and Asia. Some tried to sail west and north around North America. Others tried to sail north and east around Asia. The explorers mapped most of the Arctic coast. Meanwhile, whalers and fur traders also explored the Arctic.
By the mid-1900s, people had mapped most of the Arctic. They also reached the North Pole. Scientists then went to the Arctic to study its plants, animals and minerals. Scientists are now studying how global warming affects the Arctic environment.
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What constitutes a Scandinavian country varies depending on the context and who you ask. If you are talking about geography, culture or language, the answer may be different.
When you throw the word “Nordic” into the mix, things become clear when dealing with Nordic vs. Scandinavian in different contexts; When do you use “Nordic” and when do you use “Scandinavian”? Some people use them interchangeably, while others give each word its own meaning.
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Although we cannot claim that everyone agrees with its definition and origins, we have collected the various terms and contexts used to make sense of this northern mess.
Here is “Where is Scandinavia?” The answer is clear. and “What countries make up Scandinavia?” Option What does it do?
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