What Are Your Favorite Uncommon Cuts And Shapes
What Are Your Favorite Uncommon Cuts And Shapes – Humans have been working with stones since prehistoric times, and the art of gemstone cutting dates back a million years. Today, there are many types of cuts and shapes of gemstones, thanks to technological innovations in this field.
We often hear about gemstone cuts in terms of the 4Cs of diamonds, but the cut of a gemstone is a crucial factor to consider when purchasing any semi-precious stone. In this guide, we’ll show you some of the most popular gemstone cuts, their history and what makes them unique.
What Are Your Favorite Uncommon Cuts And Shapes
The practice of shaping precious stones and minerals is called lapidary, which comes from the Latin word ‘lapidarius’, which means cutter of stones. Traditionally, a person who uses this practice is called a lapidary, although in modern contexts we call such individuals a lapidary.
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We can see evidence of early gemstone cutting all over the world, from Europe, East Asia, the Americas, the Middle East and Africa. However, Europe laid the foundations of what we know today as gemstone cutting, mainly France and Germany.
By the end of the 14th century, diamond cutting had become a regular practice in France, and the first forms of diamond cutting and the diamond table were developed. These early cuts relied on the natural facets of the crystal to obtain a shape based on an octahedron.
To cut gemstones, we use a progressive abrasion process, which means that we cut gemstones using progressively finer particles of harder substances. Diamonds are often used in the gemstone cutting process because they are the hardest natural material, ranking 10 on the Mohs scale. Artificial compounds are also used, such as silicon carbide, which is rated at 9.5 Mohs.
Most fine jewelry today includes faceted stones, and gemstone cuts are distinguished by the number of facets a gemstone has. To create these gemstone facets, gemstone cutters use a gemstone cutting machine called a finishing machine. Dressing machines use a motorized spindle and adjustable handle to create precise facet cuts in a gemstone, which is then polished to a brilliant shine.
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When we think of gemstone cuts, we think of both the shape and the cut of a gemstone. Different types of cuts affect the overall shape of a gemstone, while some cuts refer to the appearance of the facets. We’ll look at facet cuts first before delving into the types of shape cuts.
This cut uses intricate facet configuration to create the maximum amount of sparkle in a gemstone. Spreading out from the center of the gemstone, triangular and kite-shaped facets give the brilliant cut its defining shape. Brilliant cuts come in several variations, depending on the intended effect and the size and shape of the rough stone.
A simpler variation of the brilliant cut, an eight cut, is defined by having only eight sides around the crown of the gemstone.
A divine cut, a final variant of the brilliant cut, consists of a smaller gemstone table (flat top) and a parachute-like layout rather than the more common trapezoidal shape in a standard brilliant cut. This design enhances the pearl’s shine and easy breakage for maximum shine.
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Step cuts bring a gem’s color and clarity to the fore, rather than its brilliance. It does this through horizontal aspects that resemble a set of steps. The most popular step cuts are emerald and baguette cuts, which we’ll talk about a little later.
A Ceylon cut combines the advantages of both bright and open cuts. The sides of the stone are staggered and tapered to the center, which has an excellent cut. This cutting technique is still used in Sri Lanka today.
Another cut that combines step and sparkle cuts is the baryon cut. They can vary in appearance depending on the shape of the stones they are applied to (round, triangular, square or rectangular). The defining feature of this cut is the cross-shaped pattern it creates in the center of the pearl.
A checkerboard cut uses square facets to create a checkerboard look and is often worn with a cushion cut in clear gemstones to show the intricacy of this cut.
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Prior to the gloss cut, the antique mine cut is an older style cut that aims to achieve maximum shine. Stones cut in this style were longer and had larger faces due to the technical limitations of the time they were used (between 800 BC and 1900 AD).
Popular during the Art Deco period, the old European cut is another ancestor of the brilliant cut that focused on carat weight rather than luster. This design was cut and polished with candlelight in mind. This court is distinguished by the small circular table of precious stones and its important features.
The name cabochon comes from the old Norman French word ‘caboche’, which means head. Despite being a type of gemstone cut, cabochons are not actually faceted. A cabochon is a gemstone that is cut and polished to a rounded brilliant finish and then cut to fit its setting.
Developed in 1520, the rose cut is a combination of cabochon and faceted cut. The base of the rose-cut gem is cabochon-cut, and the top is then faceted, usually with a triangular facet.
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As we mentioned above, gemstone cuts are used in combination with a gemstone’s shape (its outline when viewed from above) to produce the desired impact and style of a finished piece of jewelry. You might recognize some of these combinations because of their immense popularity.
Often paired with brilliant, cabochon, or rose cuts, round-shaped gemstones are a classic that’s especially popular in the United States and often referred to as the American Standard. This cut dates from the 18th century, originating in Italy, and is attributed to Vincenzio Peruzzi, a skilled gemstone cutter from Venice. The facets in this cut optimize the distribution of light within a stone to maximize its brilliance.
The most common shape for colored gemstones is the oval, which retains more carats in a gem than other shapes. Designed in the late 1950s by Lazare Kaplan, the oval cut has 69 facets, one of the tallest of all gemstone cuts. Its elongated silhouette creates the illusion of a larger stone while offering the sparkle of a rounded cut.
The cut of the brand is oval that has polka dots on both ends. Also called a ‘navette’ cut, it is usually accompanied by a brilliant cut modified to reflect as much light as possible, providing maximum brightness and color depth. The 57 sides of this shape are technically difficult to cut, because symmetry is of great importance.
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Credited to Louis van Berquem, the pear cut (also called the teardrop cut) is a combination of marquise and oval cuts with a rounded bottom and a pointed edge. This shape is popular for pendants and earrings because of its attention-grabbing ability. This shape can have 56 to 58 facets when combined with a brilliant cut and beautifully reflects light to dramatically display the color of a gemstone.
A variation of the pear cut, the briolette cut is faceted on all sides and is considered the most difficult shape to cut. With 84 individual facets, this cut can produce incredible shine. Although relatively uncommon today, this shape was popular during the 17th and 18th centuries after it originated in India in the 12th century.
Another variation of the pear cut, the heart cut, is often combined with a glitter cut to produce an incredible glow when hit by natural light. This style averages 59 facets and requires skillful cutting to create the symmetry that makes this cut beautifully romantic.
A popular cut for diamond engagement rings, the princess cut is a square gemstone with sharp corners that uses a brilliant cut. With up to 78 facets, this beautiful cut brings the pearl color from the center to the corners. This cut is known for its brilliant shine and is the second most popular after the round brilliant cut.
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Originally designed for emeralds, the emerald cut is a rectangular shape with beveled corners. With an average of only 50 facets, this shape allows light to reflect around the inside of a gem to enhance a gem’s clarity and depth of color.
Named after Dutch diamond cutter Joseph Asscher, the Asscher cut is a combination of the princess and emerald cuts. It features a square shape with scalloped corners and staggered cut faces to enhance a gemstone’s clarity and features an X shape on the gemstone chart.
Known for accent stones, the baguette cut is a narrow rectangular shape that uses staggered cuts on the sides. Introduced in the 1920s, this cut became popular during the Art Deco and Art Nouveau periods due to its clean geometric lines.
The cushion cut, also called the old European cut, is a variation of square and rectangular cuts with rounded corners and edges. It has larger facets, an average of 64, to enhance a gem’s clarity, sparkle and sparkle. The cushion cut was originally designed to reduce waste during the gemstone cutting process.
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A radiant cut is a hybrid shape that combines the sparkle of a round cut and the clean lines of an emerald cut. It was first used in the 1970s by Henry Grossbard and contains between 62 and 70 facets.
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